Ashley BrandsonAPTN NewsFour of the five candidates for national chief of the Assembly of First Nations (AFN) participated in a forum at Brokenhead Ojibway Nation on Wednesday.They heard from Manitoba chiefs and voiced their views on what the role of the AFN should firstname.lastname@example.org
A condominium project has been proposed for Muslims displaced from Jaffna during the war.Minister of Industry and Commerce, Resettlement of Protracted Displaced Persons and Cooperative Development, Rishad Bathiudeen, said that after three decades since their initial displacement, Muslim IDPs from Jaffna now scattered across the country will finally be able to resettle in Jaffna. The LTTE had forced hundreds of Muslims to flee Jaffna in 1990 and most of them sought temporary refuge in Puttalam, Colombo, Gampaha and Panadura. He said that an appeal had been made to Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe to address the housing issue faced by displaced Muslim families. Since then 700 Muslim families returned to Jaffna but most of them were unable to get back their own land. (Colombo Gazette)
BOISE, Idaho — BNSF Railway’s plan to build two bridges as part of a second railroad line in northern Idaho to accommodate increased train traffic and future growth meets environmental requirements, federal officials said Thursday.The U.S. Coast Guard issued a final environmental assessment for the bridges across Lake Pend Oreille and Sand Creek at Sandpoint, finding no significant impact.An environmental group said it was disappointed the Coast Guard didn’t do a much lengthier environmental review called an environmental impact statement, saying an increase in crude oil and other hazardous materials crossing bridges could put the lake and residents at risk.The Coast Guard is involved because the structures are over navigable waters. Idaho officials, which have authority over the lake bottom, have already approved the bridges.Specifically, the approval allows BNSF Railway to build the two bridges that are part of a new line that will parallel an existing rail line already running through the area.The company has received permits from the Coast Guard and plans to start preliminary work on the bridges this week, BNSF Railway spokeswoman Courtney Wallace said.The company said its trains and tracks are part of a critical supply chain transporting goods both east and west. However, the area is a bottleneck with trains up to 1 mile (1.6 kilometres) long waiting their turn to cross the bridge over Lake Pend Oreille that handles both east- and west-bound trains. That can also cause delays for motorists blocked by stationary trains at railroad crossings.“You’ll have delays with trains holding into Montana and into eastern Washington,” Wallace said.The trains carry all manner of goods, including autos, clothing, coal, crude oil, grain, soybeans, wind turbines, airplane fuselages and more. Amtrak passenger trains also pass over the bridges.Currently, federal officials say, capacity through the area is 79 trains per day, while the average is 60 trains per day.Federal officials say adding the parallel line won’t increase rail traffic volume because there are other single sets of tracks constraining the system. But Wallace said the railway is always looking at improving efficiency.Some area residents, including Sandpoint Mayor Shelby Rognstad, have voiced concern with increased train traffic and the potential for a derailment involving trains hauling hazardous materials. Jennifer Stapleton, Sandpoint’s city administrator and spokeswoman, didn’t return a call from The Associated Press on Thursday.The Idaho Conservation League backed the more thorough environmental review before the Coast Guard announced its decision.“Lake Pend Oreille is a crown jewel of the Gem State so ICL is concerned with the potential effects this massive expansion of rail infrastructure could have on our lake, our water and our way of life,” the group said in a statement.Steven Fischer, a district bridge manager for the U.S. Coast Guard, didn’t return a call from the AP.The 148-square-mile (383-square-kilometre) Lake Pend Oreille is 1,150 feet (350 metres) deep. It is Idaho’s largest lake and offers a variety of gamefish for sport anglers.Keith Ridler, The Associated Press
Meeting this evening at the request of the United States and the United Kingdom, the Council heard a briefing by representatives from both countries on the military action that was launched yesterday in Afghanistan.Addressing the press after the meeting, Council President Richard Ryan of Ireland said the US and British delegates had told the Council that the strikes had been taken in self-defence and directed at terrorists and those who harboured them. The delegates also stressed that every effort was made to avoid civilian casualties, and that the bombings were in no way a strike against the people of Afghanistan, Islam or the Muslim world.The Council members will meet tomorrow morning to further discuss the humanitarian situation in Afghanistan, in particular the situation of refugees.
With last year’s toll of journalists adding up to 56 killed, 19 missing and 124 jailed, United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan today marked World Press Freedom Day by paying tribute “to those who have fallen victim to their calling.”“We salute the courage and dedication of journalists struggling against risk and outright brutality to exercise their right to seek and tell the truth. And we remind governments especially that the right to ‘seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media’ is enshrined in article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights,” he said.“Censorship, the suppression of information, intimidation and interference are a denial of democracy, an obstacle to development, and a threat to the security of all,” he added.He noted that the UN was focusing on “hate media,” using as the most recent examples radio in Rwanda and Côte d’Ivoire, where, as in other places, “the world has seen fanatical groups fill radio airwaves and television screens with incendiary messages designed to incite.”The third seminar of the UN Department of Public Information’s (DPI) “Unlearning Intolerance,” following seminars on anti-Semitism and Islamophobia, was reflecting on how the media could protect themselves “against fanning the flames of racism and xenophobia and, instead, promote tolerance and understanding,” Mr. Annan said.Press freedom would continue to play a central role in enlarging liberty for all and his recommendations, contained in the “In Larger Freedom” report on reforming and revitalizing the UN system, called for bold decisions by world leaders at their summit in September at UN Headquarters in New York, he said.The UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), whose mandate is to promote the free flow of ideas, was observing the Day in Dakar, Senegal, with a conference looking at the media’s role in promoting good governance, freedom of information, human rights and good journalistic ethics.“UNESCO has decided to pay tribute to this critical role played by the media in promoting democracy and good governance by choosing ‘Media and Good Governance’ as the key theme for this year’s celebration,” UNESCO Director-General Koïchiro Matsuura said.“Accurate and professional reporting is often the only recourse that society has to combat corruption,” he said. “Journalists need the support of the larger society to eliminate hindrances to accurate reporting. Furthermore, pledges to increase transparency and accountability in public administration must be backed up with laws granting full access to areas of information in the public interest.”Such a legal framework permits independent and pluralistic media to flourish and is a pre-condition of good governance, he said.In addition to journalists killed for exposing secrets about corruption and abuses of power, many receive death threats, and some are held hostage or tortured for doing their work, he said.“These acts are unconscionable not only because they violate the human rights of individuals but also because they poison the well-spring of good governance and democracy, namely, the flow of accurate and reliable information,” said Mr. Matsuura, who has issued a series of denunciations of violence against reporters.The UNESCO/Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize of $25,000 was won by Cheng Yizhong, the former editor of the Nanfang Dushi Bao (Southern Metropolis Daily). He was imprisoned for five months and has been barred from resuming his work after he published articles disclosing the 2003 SARS epidemic and death in a Guangzhou police station.As part of the observance of World Press Freedom Day, DPI released a list of 10 stories that have not been adequately covered, about half of them concerning or including African issues.
by The Associated Press Posted Sep 9, 2016 6:39 am MDT Last Updated Sep 9, 2016 at 10:40 am MDT AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to RedditRedditShare to 電子郵件Email Nissan recalls 10,819 vehicles in Canada due to potential fluid leak, fire hazard FILE – This Feb. 11, 2016, photo shows a Nissan emblem on a 2016 Nissan automobile at the Pittsburgh International Auto Show in Pittsburgh. Nissan is recalling over 120,000 cars and SUVs in the U.S. because brake fluid could leak and cause fires. In some cases owners should park their vehicles outside until they are fixed. The recall covers certain 2015 to 2017 Murano SUVs and 2016 to 2017 Maxima large cars that are equipped with intelligent cruise control. Also included are some 2015 and 2016 Murano hybrids. (AP Photo/Gene J. Puskar) DETROIT – Nissan is recalling about 134,000 cars and SUVs worldwide, including 10,819 in Canada, because brake fluid could leak and cause fires. In some cases, the company says people should park the vehicles outside until they are fixed.The recall covers certain 2015 to 2017 Murano SUVs and 2016 to 2017 Maxima large cars that are equipped with intelligent cruise control. Also included are some 2015 and 2016 Murano hybrids.Nissan says in documents posted Friday that seals on antilock brake pumps can leak fluid onto a circuit board. That can cause an electrical short, which could lead to a fire.Nissan Canada said the recall applies to 8,107 Murranos from the 2015 and 2016 model years and 2,734 Maximas from the 2016 and 2017 model years that were sold in Canada.The company said in a U.S. filing that it found out about the problem after getting a report of a fire in a 2016 Maxima on June 7. The company investigated and found several more fires. It decided to recall the cars on Aug. 24, according to documents.Nissan said in a statement that it will send owners a letter this month notifying them of what to do if the antilock brake light comes on. A follow-up letter will be sent once parts are available to make repairs.Dealers will inspect the serial number on the brake actuator pump, and replace it for free if it has defective seals.The company said the problem has been corrected in vehicles since it was discovered. Nissan says it has no reports of any injuries caused by the defect.
Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)RelatedPPP urges Police to probe increase of ceiling for restricted contractsFebruary 7, 2019In “Crime”SOCU probes: The same pattern set for Opposition must be set for Govt- MPSeptember 24, 2018In “Crime”OAS anti-corruption review team visits GuyanaSeptember 25, 2017In “latest news” MP slams move as “recipe for corruption”In a move being criticised by a Member of Parliament as a recipe for corruption, Government has gazetted changes to Guyana’s procurement laws that will see larger contracts being awarded without the benefit of advertising.The gazetted Procurement (Amendment) Bill of 2019 signed by Finance Minister Winston Jordan will change the previous threshold for restricted contracts for goods and services from $3 million to $10 million.In the case of construction contracts, the threshold catered for in Section 26 of the Procurement Act has been moved from $10 million to $20 million. Quotation methods of procurement have been raised to $3 million.According to Member of Parliament Juan Edghill, this is likely to create an opportunity for the coalition Government to hand out contracts to unqualified persons and companies on a larger scale than ever before.Former Junior Finance Minister, Juan Edghill“This action enables award of contract without Public Advertisement, by way of Restricted Tendering and subverts the use of qualifications for this procurement process to be confined to specialised services or procurement of highly-complex items,” Edghill said in a Letter.“It can only be concluded that this decision is to facilitate corruption, cronyism and nepotism, by way of handpicking friends and cronies and awarding them contracts. This is a blatant political scheme to buy votes and especially pilfer the public purse and to enrich officials of the A Partnership for National Unity/Alliance For Change over the few remaining days in office ahead of (elections),” he added.Edghill also zeroed in on a letter dated February 4, 2019, written by Deputy Chairman of the National Procurement and Tender Administration Board (NPTAB), Mark Bender and addressed to Permanent Secretaries, agency heads and regional administrations.In the letter, he alerts them to the changes and announces that they take immediate effect. But Edghill said considering the passage of the No-confidence Motion on December 21, 2018, Government’s actions are illegal in this regard.Finance Minister Winston Jordan“Article 106(6) of our Constitution states that on passage of a no-confidence motion by the majority of all elected members of the National Assembly, the President and his Cabinet shall resign, coupled with the CJ’s ruling of January 31, 2019 that following the passage of the motion, the President and Cabinet stands resigned.”“Therefore, they are merely in office in a caretaker capacity and as such, these actions are unconstitutional. It is therefore logical that the letter by Mr Mark Bender authorising (officials) to implement these new thresholds is illegal and will lead to criminal proceedings being instituted against public officials who may be tempted to act on such a directive which is illegal.”
Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)RelatedCJ’s High Court decisions “well-reasoned” and profound – JagdeoMarch 17, 2019In “latest news”General Elections not of paramount importance to Govt – PPPMarch 15, 2019In “latest news”PPP ups pressure on GECOM to hold elections; threatens Court actionFebruary 1, 2019In “latest news” …says GECOM using delaying tactics The People’s Progressive Party/Civic is holding out that the laws of Guyana are clear on funding to host regional and national elections despite GECOM’s claims that there are not enough funds to host the elections.The party stated that GECOM has the option of redirecting the $3 billion set aside to conduct House to House Registration to host elections that are constitutionally due on March 19- 90 days after the passage of the no confidence resolution.The PPP points to Act 4 of 2015 – the Fiscal Management and Accountability (Amendment) Act 2015, Section 80 B (8) which states that “The appropriation of a Constitutional Agency approved by the National Assembly shall be disbursed as a lump sum by the end of the month, following the month in which the appropriation was approved.”Section 80B (7) of the same act also states “The annual budget of a Constitutional Agency approved by the National Assembly shall not be altered without prior approval of the National Assembly.”The act stated that the Finance Minister is prohibited from altering the appropriation to GECOM, as he is empowered to do with the appropriations of non-constitutional agencies, but does not prevent GECOM from utilizing the “lump sum” as it sees fit to carry out its functions.“Undoubtedly, today’s action by GECOM is intended to influence the court proceedings, set to continue tomorrow (Wednesday, February 20, 2019). The Constitution make clear that the judiciary cannot extend the deadline for which General and Regional Elections are constitutionally due; rather such an act remains in the remit of the Legislature” the PPP stated.In this light, the party is calling on all Guyanese, as well as the international community, to condemn GECOM’s complicity in the violation of Guyana’s Constitution.Further, PPP/C notes that President of the current administration, David Granger will be held accountable for negative consequences for Guyana and the Guyanese people.
C.O ZagrebGyula GalTatabanya Handball Hungarian line player, Gyula Gal (36) famous to his sizes (140 kilos) replaced Croatian C.O Zagreb to Hungarian Tatabanya. Gal wasn’t in the plans of the coach, Ivica Obrvan, who gave more importance to young domestic players, Marino Maric and Ivica Brozovic in the first part of the season. That is the main reason, why Gal left the team and sign for Hungarian side, where he will be able to find a good form until end of the season. ← Previous Story Women’s EHF CL (Main Round): 100% Visitors Saturday! Next Story → Voting for the EHF EURO 2012 Best Player: Csaszar leads, Lazarov and Stanic follow
Image: AP Photo/Pier Paolo CitoBerlusconi’s trial over the alleged €3 million bribe to get a senator, Sergio De Gregorio (pictured above), to join his party’s ranks will begin on February 11, 2014.Tax Fraud Case:Image: AP Photo/Gregorio BorgiaThe Senate is due to hold a vote in the coming months on whether or not to exclude Berlusconi from parliament over a tax fraud case – his first and so far only definitive criminal conviction.A court is also due to decide by early next year whether he will have to do community service or house arrest, and where he would do his service.Bunga Bunga Case:Image: AP Photo/Ronald Zak, FileA court next year will hear Berlusconi’s appeal against a seven-year suspended sentence for having sex with an underage 17-year-old prostitute when he was prime minister and abusing his official powers.He is also appealing the lifetime ban from parliament that was included in the conviction over his liaison with Karima El-Mahroug, (pictured above), an exotic dancer better known as “Ruby the Heart Stealer”.Prosecutors in the same case also accuse Berlusconi and his lawyers of bribing witnesses – many of them alleged participants in his Bunga Bunga orgies – to provide false testimony.Prostitutes Case:Image: AP Photo/Angelo CarconiProsecutors in Bari, southern Italy, have filed charges against Berlusconi for allegedly paying hush money in a case revolving around a ring of high-class escorts that were purportedly paid to attend his parties and sleep with him.Prosecutors accuse him of paying Bari businessman Gianpaolo Tarantini (pictured above), who helped organise the parties at Berlusconi’s residences, to keep quiet.Wiretap Case:Image: AP Photo/Sandro PaceBerlusconi is also appealing a one-year sentence for leaking a confidential police wiretap in a newspaper controlled by his family, in an attempt to damage a left-wing political rival.The case is due to expire under the statute of limitations imminently.Divorce Case:Image: AP Photo/Sandro PaceBerlusconi has been ordered to pay his former wife Veronica Lario €3 million a month to allow her to keep up her luxurious lifestyle.He is appealing the court ruling.Two-year ban from politics for Berlusconi>Business magazine compares Merkel to Hitler in ad>Berlusconi blames foreign media for his downfall> SILVIO BERLUSCONI’S WOES are multiplying by the week, with news in the last few days of his impending trial for bribing a senator only the latest looming judicial threat for the flamboyant tycoon.The months ahead could see him kicked out of parliament for the first time in two decades, forced to do community service and barred from taking part in elections for the next six years.Here are the cases that Berlusconi is currently battling in the Italian courts:Senator Bribe Case:
via National Library of Ireland/FlickrOUR PALS AT the National Library of Ireland are as timely as ever with this pic which they shared on their Flickr account this morning.Spot the unsuspecting turkeys being ferried to their fate at Flynn & Young’s on Conduit Lane in Waterford, circa December 1907.Would you like gravy with that?11 invaluable tips to help you survive an Irish family Christmas>Column: Christmas can be a hard time for people – we all need support>
By AFP Source: SpaceX/Twitter Falcon 9 and Crew Dragon are go for launch. T-60 seconds → https://t.co/gtC39uBC7z pic.twitter.com/06SEns5bUv— SpaceX (@SpaceX) March 2, 2019 Short URL Image: Terry Renna A rocket that will bring US astronauts back to space has blasted off with a dummy named ‘Ripley’ The launch is a key step towards resuming manned space flights from US soil. Share25 Tweet Email 26 Comments 11,034 Views Image: Terry Renna Boeing nextBoeing also received a contract in 2014 to develop a space vessel, the Starliner. It will not be tested until April, in a mission similar to SpaceX’s.NASA did not want to rely on just one single vehicle, in case of accidents.“We’re going to be a customer,” Bridenstine told reporters.Planning has been delayed by around three years, with the first manned SpaceX flight still penciled in for July, though officials frequently refer to the end of 2019 as a more realistic deadline.© – AFP 2019 https://jrnl.ie/4520964 Mar 2nd 2019, 10:50 AM Crew Dragon will autonomously dock with the @space_station at approximately 6:00 a.m. EST on March 3 pic.twitter.com/znptJuDCY7— SpaceX (@SpaceX) March 2, 2019 Saturday 2 Mar 2019, 10:50 AM Source: SpaceX/Twitter NASA had announced weather conditions were good ahead of the launch, with an 80% chance of favourable weather.SpaceX chief Elon Musk, who founded the company in 2002, was at the space centre for the occasion.ShutteredAfter the shuttle program was shuttered in July 2011 following a 30-year run, NASA began outsourcing the logistics of its space missions.It pays Russia to get its people up to the ISS orbiting research facility at a cost of $82 million (€72 million) per head for a round trip.In 2014, the US space agency awarded contracts to SpaceX and Boeing for them to take over this task.But the program has suffered delays as safety requirements are much more stringent for manned flights than for unmanned missions to deploy satellites. Tweet thisShare on FacebookEmail this article NASA AND SPACEX today celebrated the successful launch of a new astronaut capsule on a week-long round trip to the International Space Station – a key step towards resuming manned space flights from US soil after an eight-year break.This time around, the only occupant on board SpaceX’s Crew Dragon capsule was a dummy named Ripley – but NASA plans to put two astronauts aboard later this year.The new capsule blasted off aboard the Falcon 9 rocket built by SpaceX – run by billionaire Elon Musk — at 2.49 am (07.49 am Irish time) from the Kennedy Space Center at Cape Canaveral, Florida, lighting up the coastline.Eleven minutes later, the confirmation came from SpaceX mission control:“Dragon separation confirmed.”That triggered cheers at the firm’s headquarters and at the Kennedy Space Center.The capsule is scheduled to reach the ISS by tomorrow at around 11 am Irish time, with a return to Earth next Friday.It will splash down in the Atlantic Ocean, from where it will be brought back to Cape Canaveral.In another success, the rocket’s first stage returned to Earth, landing on a platform 500 kilometres off the Florida coast in the Atlantic. It marks the 35th such recovery by SpaceX.
De nouvelles puces chez AMDLe fondeur de Sunnyvale a officiellement dévoilé les séries A8 et A10 qui prendront bientôt place dans nos ordinateurs. AMD a dévoilé ses dernières nouveautés, les puces des séries A8 et A10. Elles disposent des dernières évolutions du fondeur de Sunnyvale les faisant entrer dans la génération Trinity. Celle-ci s’appuie s’appuie sur une architecture processeur connue sous le nom de Piledriver et qui est une amélioration de Bulldozer (notre photo-série FX chez AMD), explique PC Inpact. Les puces afficheront quatre cœurs et embarqueront 4 Mo de cache L2 et un contrôleur mémoire supportant la DDR3 1866 MHz. À lire aussiMaladie de Charcot : symptômes, causes, traitement, où en est on ?La série des A8 dispose d’une Radeon HD 7650D qui comprend 256 unités de traitement cadencées à 760 MHz alors que les A10 ont, pour leur part, une Radeon HD 7660D avec 384 unités fonctionnant à 800 MHz. Comme d’habitude, un dérivé “K” est prévu pour chacune des deux séries à destination des joueurs. Elles bénéficient notamment d’une enveloppe thermique de 100 W au lieu de 65 W afin de donner plus de marge pour bricoler sa machine. Reste à savoir quand ces produits seront commercialisés, vers la rentrée de l’automne si tout se passe comme AMD le prévoit. Le 14 juin 2012 à 10:00 • Maxime Lambert
A man who robbed a U.S. Bank branch in Salmon Creek with a knife Thursday afternoon remains at large, according to the Clark County Sheriff’s Office.Deputies responded just after 3:30 p.m. to the bank branch at 13001 N.E. Highway 99. A white man had entered the bank with a knife, the sheriff’s office said in a press release.People initially reported the man was carrying a butter knife, according to emergency radio traffic monitored at The Columbian.The man approached a teller and demanded she put cash into a bag that he brought with him, according to the press release. The man fled on foot after collecting an undisclosed amount of money.He was not located after a search of the area, which included a sheriff’s office K-9, according to the press release. Witnesses described the suspect as 6 feet 3 inches tall with an average build, wearing dark clothing that included gloves, a hat and a scarf covering most of his face.
Employee Benefits Live, the largest dedicated reward and benefits event in Europe, has moved to a new venue for its 20th anniversary year.Previously held at Olympia National, London, 2018’s Employee Benefits Live will now take place at East London’s ExCeL on Tuesday 2 October and Wednesday 3 October 2018.The two-day event will allow HR, reward and benefits professionals to explore the latest industry innovations in terms of products and services, perusing an expansive exhibition. Attendees will be able to gain new insights through the event’s varied conference programme, and will also be able to enjoy networking opportunities with peers, industry experts and providers.Caroline Woodbridge, head of welfare and fraud communications at the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP), has already been confirmed as one of Employee Benefits Live 2018’s key speakers. Other speakers who will present sessions during the course of the event include Antonia Dietmann, head of employee engagement at HM Courts and Tribunals Service, Martin Kitke, group HR director at the Post Office, Sola Osinoiki, global people operations lead at Deliveroo and Catherine Garrod, inclusion manager at Sky.Delegates will also be able to hear from Amy Goodwin, head of reward and wellbeing at Mundipharma, Essie Russell, global talent engagement director at Diageo and Sarah Guerra, director of diversity and inclusion at King’s College London.Employee Benefits Live 2018 will take place on Tuesday 2 and Wednesday 3 October 2018 at ExCeL London.For more information or to book your place.
Mentioned Above Razer Phone (chrome triple-headed snake logo – white) CNET may get a commission from retail offers. $350 See it Walmart 0 Razer Samsung Review • The Razer Phone has ruined other phones for me Razer Phone Samsung Samsung’s Galaxy X foldable phone is still on the horizon, but a design patent granted to Samsung this week (applied for in 2017) shows the company taking it a step further and adding what looks like a flip-out section with buttons on one side and a D-pad on the other. Samsung The idea merges two of the hottest development in mobile devices, foldable phones and gaming phones like the Razer Phone or the Asus ROG Phone. And the two go hand in hand — gaming is always better on a bigger screen, and foldable screens let you cram a bigger display into a smaller footprint.You can see a copy of the patent (PDF) with all the images, but LetsGoDigital did the world a favor and created 3D renders of what the device could look like based on those sketches.Renders based on the sketches in the design patent. LetsGoDigital Of course, final devices don’t always look like their original concepts, nor do they always appear on the market, so who knows if this will be ready for your Fortnite battles anytime soon.Samsung didn’t immediately reply to a request for comment. News • The Razer Phone 2 hits an all-time low: $498 Post a comment Share your voice See It Tags Phones Gaming $584
University of Alaska Fairbanks Geophysical Institute physics student John Elliott at the ceremonial South Pole. (Photo courtesy Social Window: Antarctica Missions – Student Field Work at the South Pole Facebook page)Science can sometimes take Alaska-based researchers on adventures to distant lands. And a project bringing together data from the Arctic and Antarctic recently sent two University of Alaska space physics students all the way from Fairbanks to the South Pole.Kylee Branning and John Elliott made the trek to service an all-sky viewing interferometer, an instrument that measures the “optical Doppler shift of airglow emissions.” Elliott and Branning say that is essentially a way to look at the “winds” of space.And while space weather is interesting on its own, the first part of their conversation with Alaska Public Media’s Casey Grove was, of course, the regular weather 11,000 miles away from home at the South Pole.Elliott: Looks good right now. Yeah, it’s, we had a large storm yesterday, but it’s cleared up now.Branning: Nice blue skies.Elliott: More reasonable temperature, I think like -4 F. We came within about 1 degree of setting the all-time highest ever recorded temperature yesterday. We made it up to 9 F. Yeah.Grove: Well tell me what did it take to get there? You guys are based in Fairbanks, right?Branning: Yeah, so from Fairbanks we have to fly to Seattle, which is four hours, and to San Francisco, which is three hours, I think. And then from there we go to Auckland, New Zealand, which is 13 hours and then off to we go to Christchurch, which is an hour and a half about. Then from Christchurch and it takes about eight hours to get to McMurdo. Then the next day you’ll get on another plane. It’s about three hours to get this South Pole. However for us the Christchurch to McMurdo part took about 29 hours?Grove: 29 hours?!Elliott: Yep, the last two legs she described are on a C-130 military cargo plane. The plane only has enough fuel to go one direction, so…Branning: And it’s extremely hard to predict the weather eight hours before your landing because McMurdo weather is Antarctic weather, which changes a lot.Elliott: And what ended up happening was we went as far as we could go, we made it right up to 10 minutes before we had to turn around or he would not have enough fuel, and two times they made the call that it was not safe to continue to go to McMurdo. So we turned around and it ended up taking us 29 hours of flying in a C-130 Herc to get to Murdo. Overall to get to the South Pole, we’ve flown a little over 50 hours in the air.Grove: So we could talk about penguins for a while, I’m sure, but what are you guys actually doing down there and what sort of research are you supporting?Elliott: So the work that we’re doing is for Professor Mark Conde, and we work both in polar regions, but obviously the work we’re doing down here is in support of just the Antarctic region. We have two instruments that are looking up at the sky. And we’re measuring the wind speed really high in the air. Something called space weather. We’re measuring the winds for this weather, about 25 times higher than an airplane flies, and that that instrument is a very precise optical instrument and we put it in one of the most inhospitable places on Earth. And so what ends up happening is the instrument will come out of alignment. It will come out of tune. Simple things like motors that need to move will start to break down and we don’t have enough of an internet connection to send our data back. So we actually have to physically come down and grab our data.Grove: What’s the most interesting thing or the wildest thing that you’ve seen either on the journey or just being there at the South Pole?Elliott: Snow beast, probably.Grove: Snow beast?Branning: John really likes the giant snowblower they have here at the South Pole.Elliott: It blows snow about 80 feet in the air. Yeah, it’s it’s remarkable.Branning: And they have to do that because there’s actually the snow is crushing the old station. It’s actually caving in.Elliott: Some of the South Pole station is underground.Branning: Yeah, and then also underground they have a tunnel system with shrines, which are interesting to see. So, one of them’s the last bucket of ice cream 2012.Elliott: You know for me, it’s just the sheer magnitude of it, you know.Branning: Just everything.Elliott: Yeah, we’re in a place that is so inhospitable to life, not just human, to life, and yet here we are. You know, all we have to do is take a few planes, you know, wear a little cold weather gear and the (National Science Foundation) has just got this massive instrument that just, it’s just like an unstoppable force to do do nothing, but science.Branning: And also something so new because the first and Antarctic travel was like what, a hundred years ago?Elliott: Yeah. The pole just … over a hundred years ago.Branning: It was the first first visit to the pole. So it’s really a new experience for humans.Elliott: You know, it’s really humbling experience that, it just it impresses on you so much when you first get off that plane, you’re getting off this cargo netting kind of seat, you walk out of the plane, the propellers are running, you look over and there it, you know, the South Pole station, you’re standing on top of two miles of ice. You’re in the most extreme part of Earth that can exist, and you’re their only to do science.Branning: It’s great.Elliott: It’s a great feeling. It’s really cool.
Hyderabad: The maiden official meeting between Telangana Chief Minister K Chandrashekar Rao and his Andhra Pradesh counterpart YS Jagan Mohan Reddy is set to take off on Friday at Pragati Bhavan. Officials said that the meeting between the two CMs is likely to last for two days to sort out the pending issues mainly water sharing disputes and division of assets as per the AP Reorganisation Act 2014. Also Read – Solve farmers problems, demands Congress in Kamareddy Advertise With Us Ahead of the meeting, AP Special Chief Secretary (Irrigation) Adityanath Das met Telangana Chief Secretary SK Joshi and finalised the agenda. Officials said that the contentious project-wise allocations of Krishna water have been pending since the bifurcation of the state. Telangana has been demanding KRMB (Krishan River Management Board) project-wise water allocations to utilise its share of water at optimum level. Also Read – Woman found dead, relatives stage dharna in Kamareddy Advertise With Us The Water Resources Department and Chief Secretary of Andhra Pradesh have prepared a detailed report by taking suggestions from irrigation experts. As per the sources, Godavari water is being shifted to Krishna delta so far through Pattiseema project. Now a similar plan would be extended to Rayalaseema districts and Telangana by designing a new project with combined effort and expenditure. Advertise With Us The water can be utilised to the Krishna delta also through Nagarjunasagar, said a senior official of the Water Resources department. As per the new proposals, a lift irrigation scheme would be designed at Tupakulagudem in Telangana on Godavari to shift water up to Srisailam. As many as 400 tmc ft of water could be shifted to Srisailam during the period of 100 days from July. Nearly 3,000 tmc ft of water has been flowing into the sea every year. Telangana Chief Minister has put forward a proposal to take up the project jointly. The sources say the project cost could be borne by the two States. They will also discuss on the upstream projects and illegal projects. Earlier, the two states have filed cases against each other’s projects which may be the point of discussion. Apart from this, the division of assets mainly the pending AP Bhavan in Delhi and Bus Bhavan in Hyderabad will figure in the meeting.
Journal information: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (Phys.org)—That there are universal patterns in the naming of colors across languages has long been a topic of discussion in a range of disciplines, including anthropology, cognitive science and linguistics. However, previous color term research has not applied an evolutionary framework to the analysis of these worldwide patterns. Recently, scientists at Yale University traced the history of color systems in language by applying phylogenetic methods across a large language tree. They not only validated the phylogenetic approach to culture, but also generated a precise history of color terms across a large language sample drawn from the Pama-Nyungan languages of Australia, and moreover provided evidence supporting the loss and, as had been previously known, gain of color terms in the evolutionary process. Fig. 1. Evolutionary pathways of color term systems, after WCS. Haynie HJ, Bowern C (2016) Phylogenetic approach to the evolution of color term systems. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 113(48):13666-13671. Fig. 2. Parameters in dependent models. Haynie HJ, Bowern C (2016) Phylogenetic approach to the evolution of color term systems. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 113(48):13666-13671. More information: Phylogenetic approach to the evolution of color term systems, PNAS (2016) 113(48):13666-13671, doi:10.1073/pnas.1613666113Related 1Basic Color Terms: Their Universality and Evolution, (University of California Press, Berkeley, CA) 2The World Color Survey, (CSLI Publications, Stanford, CA) “Our key insights were that color terms could disappear from languages (as well as be innovated), but that this term loss is shaped by our cognitive systems. That is, our perception of the world disposes us to talk about things in certain ways. For example, humans aren’t very good at smelling (compared to hearing or seeing), so it’s not surprising that we don’t have a lot of smell-based vocabulary. The same is true for color – the color terms that are most frequently named are (with some simplification) those that refer to regions of the color spectrum that are maximally perceptually distinct from one another. It’s therefore not surprising that different languages would end up with similar color inventories. Our work shows that those same principles are at work in the ways in which color terms drop out of use.Bowern notes that the study is relevant to a number of related disciplines, including anthropology, psychology and linguistics. “Color naming has been a central question of all these disciplines for over 100 years now,” she points out. “Color was an early battleground around the idea that perception might shape language, and language perception. In essence, the debate revolved around cultural relativity and cultural differences, and whether languages that lexicalize the world in ways that differ significantly from their major European and Asian counterparts might yield crucial insights into human evolution and prehistory. “There’s also been discussion about the role of material culture in leading to color naming elaboration,” she adds. “An interesting example is purple, which in English originally referred to a particular type of ink, and was only later generalized as a color term that could refer to things other than ink. Our work shows how insights from historical linguistics give us a better idea about how these issues interact.”The pap theory1,2 play a substantial role in the development of color term systems, further study from an evolutionary perspective can refine our understanding of the interaction of cognitive constraints and language change in shaping lexical system.”Perhaps an analogy with numbers would be useful,” Bowern suggests. “It’s not surprising that so many languages have a base ten system for counting, because the ease of counting on fingers and toes makes that a very salient choice. However, languages change over time through sound and word change, and so in many languages we find clear base ten systems being obscured.” In English, she illustrates the relationship between the words three and thirty isn’t as clear as the relationship between eight and eighty. “We thought the same might be true for color – that is, while there might be cognitive constraints that lead humans to name colors in a certain way, we would also expect regular principles of language, particularly semantic, to apply – and indeed, that’s what we find: The cognitive constraints provide a framework for the types of colors that tend to appear, but languages acquire and change their color words from many sources. In short, color terms undergo broadening and narrowing, as other words do – but they do so within a framework that constrains the organization of the system.” Fig. 3. Ancestral state reconstructions on consensus tree. Haynie HJ, Bowern C (2016) Phylogenetic approach to the evolution of color term systems. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 113(48):13666-13671. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. © 2016 Phys.org Prof. Claire Bowern discussed several key elements of the paper that she and Hannah J. Haynie published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, these being:tracking the evolution of color terms across a large language tree in order to trace the color systems historyvalidating phylogenetic approaches to culture and providing an explicit history of color terms across a large language sample when working with the Pama-Nyungan languages of Australiafinding alternative trajectories of color term evolution beyond those considered in the standard theoriesapplying Bayesian phylogenetic methods to data that bridges linguistics, cultural anthropology, and cognitive science”We had a lot of trouble gtting data for the languages, as well as interpreting the data we had,” Bowern tells Phys.org. “Since there’s no preexisting set of color term datasets for these languages, we had to create it from grammars, dictionaries and field notes.” Moreover, she adds, if a term wasn’t in the dataset, they had to determine if it was truly absent from the language – or if it simply was not recorded in their data. The researchers also ran into difficulty deciding if a word was truly a color term, as was the case with orange, which had to be excluded from their list of colors because too many instances of the term referred only to the fruit.”There is now a substantial body of literature on phylogenetic approaches to culture,” Bowern continues. (Phylogenetics is the study of evolutionary relationships among species, individuals or genes, as modeled on trees.) “It’s still somewhat controversial, but the critiques of phylogenetics outside of biology often focus on the differences between biological systems and other areas of change, such as in linguistics or culture.” That said, she points out that oftentimes these critiques overlook the degree of difference among biological evolutionary processes. “It’s uncontroversial that language changes; it’s also uncontroversial that languages aren’t organisms. The point is that from Darwin on, language and biology have had a long history of cross-pollination and co-inspiration.” New study reveals that prelinguistic infants can categorize colors Since the paper addresses the links between perception, language, and the categorization of the natural world, Phys.org asked Bowern if more detailed perception of the environmental color spectrum leads to corresponding terms (a structural evolutionary change in the ascending visual pathway), or if terminology comes first in agglutinative languages as a complex form combining a color with a function.”I assume that it’s driven by terminology,” Bowern says. “Remember that this is not about what can be perceived – people can perceive color differences that they don’t have words for, and perception varies between individuals even when the color lexicon does not. However, within terminological change, there might be several different ways that the change could proceed. Perhaps as a term becomes more specialized to a part of a color range, an additional term is analogically brought into the system. Or, conversely, as a term becomes analogically applied to color, another term’s range is contracted.” Bowern notes that the researchers did not find evidence in the Australian data for compound colors, such as light red.Another interesting question is the dissociation between color perception and language in color blindness. “This is a good illustration of why we should usually look at the population/language level, rather than at specific individual speakers. A language still contains a word for red and green, even if some fraction of the population cannot distinguish those colors. We still have a vocabulary for music, even though some people are tone deaf. However, one could imagine a hypothetical language or dialect where enough people are color blind that those colors come to be called by the same name – but that hasn’t happened in our data set.”Bowern’s research group currently has work-in-progress in several aspects of language change related to both Australian languages, and language documentation and change in other regions. Specifically, they’re investigating ways to use computer tools to produce sound and text-aligned recordings – that is, align a recorded story with and words in the corresponding transcription. “This is incredibly useful for language research,” she tells Phys.org. Bowern is also continuing with her work in describing Australian languages, which already has provided some surprises. “In working on Australian language trees we found that Australia has approximately 400 languages – far more than 250 languages as was previously thought.” Not surprisingly, then, the scientists used fairly standard techniques in phylogenetics to look at color terms to address these challenges. “We defined the problem as one in which we were comparing theories, and testing which of the theories were well-supported by our data,” she explains. “For example, we compared theories where languages only lost color terms to ones where they could only gain them, or where they could both gain and lose them.” They found that their data and models did not support either of the first theories, and moreover had to find ways to model our data that were computationally tractable: The number of possible parameters for computer models with seven color terms were more than could be calculated. Citation: Biology, meet philology: First application of phylogenetic evolutionary framework to color naming (2016, December 9) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-12-biology-philology-application-phylogenetic-evolutionary.html Explore further
More information: S. Rappaport et al. Deep Long Asymmetric Occultation in EPIC 204376071. arXiv:1902.08152 [astro-ph.SR]. arxiv.org/abs/1902.08152 Artist’s conception of the knife-edge dust sheet passing in front of EPIC 204376071. Credit: Danielle Futselaar; artsource.nl Citation: Astronomers detect deep, long asymmetric occultation in a newly found low-mass star (2019, March 5) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-03-astronomers-deep-asymmetric-occultation-newly.html Explore further Dwarf companion to EPIC 206011496 detected by astronomers Located some 440 light years away, most likely in the Upper Scorpius stellar association, EPIC 204376071 is a young (about 10 million years old) M-star with a mass of about 0.16 solar masses and a radius of approximately 0.63 solar radii. The star has an effective temperature of nearly 3,000 K, luminosity of around 0.03 solar luminosities and a rotation period of 1.63 days.EPIC 204376071 was observed by NASA’s Kepler spacecraft twice during its prolonged mission known as K2. When the star was observed by Kepler for the second time, in late 2017, a group of astronomers led by Saul Rappaport of Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) identified a single occultation-like event in the light curve of the object.The detected occultation lasted for about a day and what interested researchers the most was the fact that the event was extremely deep and quite noticeably asymmetric with an egress about twice as long as the ingress.”In this work, we report the discovery of a one-day-long, 80 percent deep, occultation of a young star in the Upper Scorpius stellar association: EPIC 204376071,” the astronomers wrote in the paper.The event blocked up to about 80 percent of the light for an entire day. Besides this one-day occultation and frequent flares, as well as low-amplitude rotational modulation, EPIC 204376071 turned out to be quiet for a total of 160 days of K2’s two observational campaigns.According to the paper, there are a few things that make the detected event unique. These are the continuous coverage with half-hour sampling of the flux, the very clearly mapped-out asymmetry in the occultation profile, and weak emission identified in the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) 3 and 4 bands.The researchers concluded that such a deep eclipse with these properties cannot be explained by another star crossing EPIC 204376071. They assume that this unique, very deep, long dip in the lightcurve could be caused by orbiting dust or small particles. The second theory is that a transient accretion event of dusty material near the corotation radius of the star could be responsible for the observed occultation.”We have explored two basic scenarios for producing a deep asymmetric occultation of the type observed in EPIC 204376071. In the first, we considered an intrinsically circular disk of dusty material anchored to a minor body orbiting the host star. (…) Second, we considered a dust sheet of material of basically unknown origin, though we do assume that the source of the dust is in a quasi-permanent orbit about the host star,” the paper reads.However, the astronomers added that it is too early to draw final conclusions on which of the two hypotheses is true. More studies of EPIC 204376071 are needed, in particular, radial velocity measurements to search for evidence of an orbiting body, and adaptive optics observations to search for scattered light from disk structures or evidence of low-mass wide companions. An international team of astronomers has observed a deep, day-long asymmetric occultation in a recently detected low-mass star known as EPIC 204376071. In a research paper published February 21 on arXiv.org, the scientists detail their finding and ponder various theories that could explain such peculiar occultation. © 2019 Science X Network This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.